Friday, March 15, 2019

Surgery Centers meeting CMS requirements as it relates to Generators/Emergency Power Back UP Systems

To meet CMS’ Life Safety Code requirements, facilities are required to have one of two types of emergency power systems. This can be in the form of either a generator that takes fuel (like diesel) or battery system - mentioned below. The two categories are Type 1 and Type 3.  

The easiest way to think about it is if a facility is performing any kind of procedure that has general anesthesia where a patient may be put on a ventilator, then Type 1 is required.  In this scenario, the ventilator needs power no matter what or the patient may be in danger.  In the case of sedation where a patient is continuing to breath unassisted, the patient will not be in immediate danger if there is a power failure, so minimum Type 3 is required (Type 1 could be provided, it would just be going above and beyond).

Type 1
Type 3
What is on emergency power
Emergency lighting, nurse call, fire alarm, equipment for procedures (usually red outlets); typically enough for facility to stay in (almost) full operation.
Emergency lighting, fire alarm, designated outlets and/or equipment
Minimum 4 hours
Either 90 minutes, or as long as it would take to stop the procedure, whichever is longer

Having said this, there are battery packs with 4 hour durations.

So, the facility needs to make the determination that will provide for the greatest patient safety based on its procedures and patients.

About to enroll as a provider with CMS? Then read this...

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